Constructivism Art an avant-garde movement which originated in Russia during the 20th century. It was one of other modern arts of that time. It was highly influenced by Cubism and Futurism design. This movement developed after the First World War and the scope of this art was more to change the society’s political ideologies, rather than about art itself. This art was linked to manufacturing architecture, applied arts and industry and consequently spread to other countries in the west. The major part of the movement was geared to political ends, and a form of propaganda.
Its “fingerprint” is the flat use of colour and simple geometry. Buildings constructed in this style of squares and straight lines stood apart from the curves of the Orthodox churches around them.
It was influential among liberal designers and artists all around Europe, including the renowned architect Le Corbusier (1887-1965).
After the death of Lenin in 1924, the movement ended, and Stalin’s dictatorship meant many of its followers emigrated, or ended up in Gulags.
Its legacy continues today with its style of clean lines and pure shapes, moving through the Bauhaus movement into the typo graphics of the Swiss designers of the fifties and sixties.